For Authors

Requirements to authors for publishing in Journal of Ophthalmology (Ukraine)

(The Requirements mostly conform to the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and accepted in 1977)

Journal of Ophthalmology (Ukraine) publishes the materials on diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases, sight hygiene, eye diseases preventing, history of ophthalmology, organizing ophthalmic care to population, technical equipment problems.

Manuscripts submitted in Journal of Ophthalmology (Ukraine) are considered to have not been published previously and are not under consideration by another publication medium. Manuscripts directed to the Editorial Office are not returned.

Authorship. Each person listed as an author is expected to have participated in the study to a significant extent. To qualify as a contributing author, one must meet all of the following criteria:

1) Conceived and/or designed the work that led to the submission, acquired data, and/or played an important role in interpreting the results

2) Drafted or revised the manuscript

3) Approved the final version

Contributions by individuals who made direct contributions to the work but do not meet all of the above criteria should be noted in the Acknowledgments section of the manuscript.

Conflicts of interest. Conflicts of interest (dual obligations) occur when an author, a reviewer, or an editor has obligations that might influence his opinion. Potential conflicts can include any of following: 1) author’s personal commitment 2) funding 3) obligations (relationship) of editors, magazine staff or reviewers. While submitting the manuscript, authors are responsible for the disclosure of their financial and other conflicts of interest. The conflict of interest is reported in the manuscript on page that follows the title page.

Patient consent and anonymity. A patient has the right of privacy which mustn’t be broken without his consent. For all articles that include information, where those patients could be identified in any way (including patient’s photographs, name, initials, and case records numbers on the photos), a signed informed consent to publish must be obtained from each patient.

Clinical trials. When reporting clinical experiments on human subjects, it must be indicated whether they were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation or with the Helsinki Declaration. When reporting clinical experiments on animals, it must be indicated whether its content and laboratory animals using were in accordance with in-house rules, recommendations of the National council on clinical trials, national acts.

Manuscript requirements

Types of articles 

Journal encourages the submission of article types as follows:

1)    original and topical articles (including illustrations, literature review, abstract) volumed up to 10-13 pages A4

2)    literature review – 10-15 pages A4

3)    case reports– 3-4 pages A4

4)    innovation proposal, reviews – 2-3 pages A4

5)    short reports – 1.5-2 pages A4

General recommendations

The text must be printed with 1.5 spacing on a standard A4 paper (top, left, bottom margins are 2 cm; right – 1 cm) with no more than 30 rows on a page. Text editor hyphenation is not recommended.

The manuscript can be written in Ukrainian, Russian and English. All the materials should be sent in two copies to the editorial office. The article must have a visa of the principal and the official referral of institution (institutions) where paper has been carried out, expert reports from every institution.

Title page

The page of title must contain the following information:

- The name of the article

- Surname and initials, position and degree of every author

- Department and institution where the work has been carried out

- Name, postal address, telephone number and e-mail of the author responsible for corresponding and contacting other authors in order to remake, correct and finally approve the version. This author can also be a person responsible for experimentation in general; but it also can be another reliable person. Author responsible for corresponding must indicate definitely if his e-mail may be published

- Funding (grants, equipment or drugs assignment etc.)

- At the bottom of the title page – shortened title (page footer) no more than 40 figures (including letters and space marks) to be placed at the top and the bottom of the page in the Journal. The footers are used in the most magazines. Besides they can be used for archiving and database searching in the editorial office

Abstract and Key-words. The second page must contain the abstract in Russian, Ukrainian and English and be of 15-20 rows. Abstracts should summarize the essential features of the paper in a logical and concise sequence: Introduction, Aims/Purpose, Methods, Results (explicit data and their statistical significance), and Conclusion. New and important aspects must be marked in the abstract.

Key-words. Under the abstract there must be placed 3-8 key-words or short phrases reflecting the main issues in the article.

The text of the article. The article must be structured as follows: Introduction, Aims/Purpose, Methods, Results and their Discussion, Conclusion.

Introduction. In the Introduction section the author should provide a context or background for the study.

Aims/Purpose. State the specific purpose or research objective of the study, or hypothesis tested by. Both the main and secondary objectives should be clear.

Methods. Describe your selection of the observational or experimental participants (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly, including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow others to reproduce the results.  Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration. All drugs used and routes of administration must be proved by Pharmacological Committee of Ministry of Health and accepted for clinical using. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate type and quantity of animals, anesthesia and sacrifice methods used in accordance with the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals. Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. In the Methods section the author should indicate statistical methods. Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). References for the design of the study and statistical methods should be to standard works when possible (with pages stated). Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Specify the computer software used.

Results. The results of the research must be presented in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. Do not repeat all the data in the tables or illustrations in the text; emphasize or summarize only the most important observations. When data are summarized in the Results section, give numeric results not only as derivatives (for example, percentages) but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated, and specify the statistical methods used to analyze them. Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess supporting data. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid nontechnical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as “random” (which implies a randomizing device), “normal,” “significant,” “correlations,” and “sample.”

Discussion. For experimental studies, it is useful to begin the discussion by briefly summarizing the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice. State new hypotheses when warranted, but label them clearly as such.

Conclusion.

References. The reference list is attached separately. The bibliography must contain mostly the papers of the latest 7-8 years which are directly related to the topic. Only published works should be listed in the reference list. While citing abstracts of theses or monographs their title should be pointed. References should follow the Vancouver format. Citations in the text must be given in square brackets and numbered according to reference list. References must be numbered consecutively in order of appearance in the text. 

In listed references, all names of authors should be given, unless there are more than four. If there are five or more, list the first three, followed by "et al." 

References to journal articles should include (1) author, (2) title, (3) journal name (as abbreviated in Index Medicus), (4) year, (5) volume number, and (6) inclusive page numbers, in that order. 

Example:

Bakhritdinova FA, Narzikulova KI, Mirrakhimova SSh. Effect of photodynamic doses of laser irradiation on endogenous intoxication indices. Journal of Ophthalmology (Ukraine). 2015;4:54-8.

References to books should include (1) author(s), (2) chapter title (if any), (3) editor (if any), (4) title of book, (5) city of publication, (6) publisher, (7) year, and (8) page numbers. Volume and edition numbers, and names of translator should be included when appropriate. 

Example:

Jenkins PF. Making sense of the chest x-ray: a hands-on guide. New York: Oxford University Press; 2005. 194 p.

If there is any doubt about abbreviation of a journal name, it should be spelled out completely.

For more details:  http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine

Tables. Tables should be graphic and have a name. Their titles should exactly match the content graphs. All data in the tables must be carefully verified, meet data in the text and always treated statistically. Authors should place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation (SD) and standard error of the mean (m). The tables in the Word editor can be created only in this editor. Tables can be placed both in the text of the article and on a separate sheet of paper.

Illustrations. Figures should be either professionally drawn and photographed, or submitted as photographic-quality digital prints.

For x-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, as well as pictures of pathology specimens or photomicrographs, should be sharp, glossy, black-and-white or color photographic prints no less than 6?9 cm. All symbols on figures should be clear and large enough to remain legible when the figure is reduced for publication. Figures should be made as self-explanatory as possible, since many will be used directly in slide presentations. Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends-not on the illustrations themselves.

Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been cited in the text. On the reverse side of the illustration the author should point its number and the name of the first author of the article, indicate the top and the bottom. If the pictures of people are used they mustn’t be identified or must be accompanied by the signed informed consent to publish.

Legends to illustrations must be printed out using 1.5 spacing, starting on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.

Diagrams and graphics in the Word editor can be created only in this editor.

Units of Measurement. All the measurement should be reported in International System of Units (SI).

Abbreviations and Symbols.  Abbreviations are not allowed except common chemical andmathematical abbreviations. Use only standard abbreviations. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript.

The article should be read, proved and signed by all authors with their initials pointed.

Submission of manuscripts

Journal of Ophthalmology (Ukraine) accept manuscripts through e-mail.

Electronic text must be a Word document with extension .doc, .docs or .rtf. The graphic objects (illustrations or drawings) are not allowed to be imported in the text. They must be sent in separate graphic files (see below). It’s not recommended to use the text editor hyphenation. Tables, diagrams and graphics in Word text editor should be created only in the same text editor.

Electronic illustrations should be in separate graphic files with extension .jpg, .gif,  .png, .tif, or .pdf with resolution 200-300 dpi.

Electronic manuscript is e-mailed to glazzky@ya.ruophthalm@bigmir.net

The editorials retain the right to make changes in the papers submitted. The articles resent to authors for correcting should be returned to the editorial office no later than in a month. If not, the date of its acceptance to the editorial office is changed.

Contacts:

Tel. (+38) 048 729 8329 

E-mail: glazzky@ya.ru, ophthalm@bigmir.net